World-wide, bamboo is slowly but steadily gaining importance as material for sustainable development. Bamboos are among the natural resources, if sustainably utilized, may provide sustainable finance to rural community. They are versatile renewable resources, with a high potential for contributing to socioeconomic development and for environmental improvement. Bamboo forest is a material source for furniture, building, pulp, particle board, bio-energy, food, forage and medicine (embaye,k.,2000). It also plays a vital role in bio-diversity preservation, soil and water conservation and has waste purification potential (Embaye, K.,2000).
The physical and ecological properties of bamboo make it an single economic resource for a wide range of usages and for poverty reduction(Lobovikov, M., Schoene, D. and Yping, L., 2012). It grows quickly and can be harvested annually without depletion and deterioration of the soil(Vogtländer, J., and Brezet, H., 2010). Bamboo can grow on marginal land, not suitable for agriculture or forestry, or as an agro forestry crop (Lobovikov, M., Ball, L., Guardia, M. and Russo, L., 2007). It has a comparatively light weight, because the culms are hollow, and contrasting to wood can be easily harvested and transported without specialized tools or vehicles(Lobovikov, M., Ball, L., Guardia, M. and Russo, L., 2007).It splits easily for weaving and is thus easy to handle for women(haile.B.,2018). Bamboo is often cultivated outside the forest on farms, where it is more easily managed (matewos.M.,2017).form utility of bamboo does not require highly trained labor or special experiences and can be started by rural poor communities at a minimal investment cost and could offer income-earning opportunities to handicapped people (Lobovikovet al., 2005).
Bamboo use and trade have been growing promptly in recent years. Bamboo is becoming popular as an excellent substitute for wood in producing pulp, paper, board and charcoal. It is widely used in construction, either in its natural form or as a reconstituted material (laminated boards and panels) (Lobovikovet al., 2005).beside this, bamboo shoots have become a popular vegetable, with Asian cuisine spreading quickly around the globe (Lobovikov, M., Ball, L., Guardia, M. and Russo, L., 2007)
It has been identified to be one of largest sustainable forest resource which has begun to show its significance in people’s daily production and life (Brias, 2006).
There is a widely held expectation that the bamboo resources can provide a big opportunity for the Ethiopian economy. It plays important roles in the daily life and well being of both rural and urban population of the country (Onwualu, A.P., 2013).Many cottage industries have largely been started in different place of the country using bamboo to make furniture and other household materials (Shimoda, Y. and Ayana, A.N., 2017.).He further stated that bamboo is very important to Ethiopia in improving the total forest coverage of the country. The country is very rich in bamboo resource which would help to solve lack of wood for construction, furniture shortage and provide more job opportunities.