ENVIRONENTAL THEORY NLM 102 MBB Group-4 DATE

ENVIRONENTAL THEORY
NLM 102 MBB
Group-4
DATE: 2018/10/08
Objectives
To identify the theorist ( Florence Nightingale)
To discuss the environmental theory
To describe the strengths and weakness of the theory
To explain the theory with an example of clinical scenario
To summarize the topic
To recapitalize the topic
About the theorist
Born12 May 1820
Founder of Modern Nursing
The first nursing theorist
Also Known as ” The Lady with the Lamp”
She Explained her environmental theory in her famous ook Notes on Nursing: What it is, What it is not.

She was the first to propose nursing required specific education and training
Her contribution during crimean war id well known.

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She was statistician ,using ar and Pie charts ,highlighting key points.

International Nurses Day ,ay 12 is observed in respect to her contribution to nursing.

Died13 August 1910
Assumptions of Nightingale’s theoryNatural Laws
Mankind can be achieve perfection
Nursing is an art and science
Nursing is achieve through environmental alteration
Nursing requires a specific educational ase
nursing is distinct and separate from medicine
Major concepts
Ventilation and Warming
Light, Noise
Cleanliness of rooms walls
Health of houses
bed and bedding
Personal cleanliness
variety
Chattering hopes and advices
Taking food. What food
Petty management observation.

Metaparadigms of Nightingales’ theory
Nursing
The goal of nursing is to place the patient in the est posse condition for nature to act.

Parker.M.C & Smith . M.C. (2015)
Person
PERSON referred by nightingale as “the patient”.

Persons restore their health by managing the environment.

Individual health is influenced by environment.
Parker.M.C & Smith . M.C. (2015)
Health
Nightingales’ state that “health is not only to be well but to be able to use well every power we have.

Parker.M.C & Smith . M.C. (2015)
Environment
“Poor or difficult environments led to poor health and disease.”
IMPORTANCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY
PRACTICE:
Control of disease
Proper sanitation
Waste disposal
Proper management of noise
Proper ventilation and control of room temperature
EDUCATION
Better practice results from better education. Education is most important before doing.

RESEARCH
Notes on nursing
use of graphical representations like bar diagrams.

 Simplicity
Generality
Empirical Precision
Derivable Consequences
ClarityTomey.A.M.(1994)
Strengths of the theory
Easily adaptable
Easily accessible to all patients
Purposeful and easy to understand
Manipulation to environment effects the patients health directly
Continuously used even in modern nursing
Tomey.A.M.(1994)
Weaknesses of the theory
According to bacteriology nightingale ‘s. belief about miasmas (major cause of disease is not accurate.

The theory does not mention the proper procedures
The theory does not discuss that how it relates to psychological health.

A 38 years old lady was admitted in a hospital with the chief complaint of wound on a arm and some physical factors are effecting patient condition.

What are the consequences of a peaceful environment on patient’s mood?
How can we implement the nightingale’s theory in this situation?
What would be the effect of darkness on patient’s level of energy?
How a nurse will apply nightingale’s theory of nursing to maintain the level of energy of the patient?
What would be the impact of cleanliness on patient’s health?
How a nurse will manipulate the environment theory according to the nightingale theory of nursing to promote the healing process?
References
Nursing theories ,a companion to nursing theories and models(January 31 2012) Retrieved from http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/florence_nightingale_theory.html
Karimi,H.,& Masoudi Alavi, N.(2015). Florence Nightingale: The mother of Nursing. Nursing and Midwifery Studies,4(2),e29475. Retrieved
from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4557413/ (n.d.). Retrieved from http://slsu-coam.blogspot.com/2008/08/nightingales-environmental-theory.html (n.d.). Retrieved from https://youtu.be/J8IGM4YC1bw Parker,M.E.,&Smith,M.C.(2015).Nursing theories and nursing practice.(4th ed.)Philadelphia:F.A.Davis Co.

Simon.K.(1985).Nursing Public Health
Tomey.A.M.(1994).Nursing theory and their work.(3rd ed.).Missouri:Mosby