centercenter Roxanne Wilson-465253342″THE EIFFEL TOWER” – 934 words Date submitted

centercenter
Roxanne Wilson-465253342″THE EIFFEL TOWER” – 934 words
Date submitted: 16 August 2018
Teacher: Kerry TscherepkoATPALS401A-Informative Essay-Task 1of 3
00
Roxanne Wilson-465253342″THE EIFFEL TOWER” – 934 words
Date submitted: 16 August 2018
Teacher: Kerry TscherepkoATPALS401A-Informative Essay-Task 1of 3

The Eiffel Tower
Every country, has their own symbolic icon, that they can be really proud of. The Eiffel Tower is conceivably the most famous global cultural symbol of Paris, France. Perhaps, this Parisian landmark, is not just a monument, but it is also a technological masterpiece in Construction history. This essay will discuss about the humble beginning of the Eiffel Tower, architectural design, construction and engineering, and how it became a colossal icon throughout the world and brought tremendous revenue and has a scientific influence on French and the rest of Europe’s society.

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It is interesting to know how the Eiffel Tower was built and became the most visited paid monument in the world. Paris hosted the Universal Exhibition in 1889, to mark the 100 year anniversary of French Revolution. This metallic structure designed by the French Engineer Alexander-Gustave Eiffel, was chosen among the 107 proposals submitted for the exhibition. It has served as the exposition’s entrance. By his side, were the engineers Maurice Koechlin and Emile Noguier, as well as the architect Stephen Sauvestre. The construction of the metal part began on 1 July,1887 and completed the entire construction on 31 March,1889. (‘Eiffel Tower’ 2011, para. 1; ‘Eiffel Tower History; facts and important date’ 2018, para.2). The names of the people who contributed to its construction, such as the engineers, scientists and mathematicians are engraved on the side of the tower (Smith 2018, para. 33). In 15 May, 1889, it became open to the public. The Eiffel Tower was the tallest edifice in the world until the topping off the Chrysler Building in New York City in 1929. The tower was originally intended as a temporary exhibit and was meant to have been demolished in 1909. But, its value as an antenna for radio and television transmission saved it from being bulldoze (‘Eiffel Tower’ 2018, para. 2 & 4; ‘Paris: Around the Eiffel Tower’ 2018, para. 3). As of today, the tower welcomes almost seven million people per year across the globe (Smith, 2018). These important facts shows that Eiffel Tower has had an enormous impact in France and the rest of the world. The Eiffel Tower was a significant triumph in the world of Building and Construction. The tower was fully established in only about two years, two months and five days. There were only maximum of 250 workers in the construction site. The tower had a height of 300 metres, but escalated to 324 metres after the installation of antennas. Indeed, it was the tallest structure ever erected by man (Smith 2018, para. 13; Nugues 2018, para. 21 & 22). The unalterable design of the tower required for more than 18,000 pieces of puddle iron. It was divulged that Gustave Eiffel rejected Maurice Koechlin’s original proposal for the tower, mandating him to add more architectural embellishments. Therefore, Eiffel asked his Company Architect, Stephen Sauvestre to make the design more satisfactory to Parisian state. He added more adorning arches around the base and several other frills (‘Eiffel Tower’ 2011, para. 7). For the tower, to maintain its beauty, it had to repaint every seven years, and demands for sixty tonnes of paints (Smith 2018, para. 16). Eventhough, not all Parisians, including the Novelist Guy de Maupassant were amazed with the newly erected architectural wonder and they feared that it was structurally unstable, still, millions of visitors throughout the World’s Fair were astonished with the iconic lattice tower (‘Eiffel Tower’ 2011, para. 4). Being one of the most emblematic tower in the world, the Eiffel Tower has been the inspiration for the other countries to have their own replicas of it. It only clearly shows that this work of art had a significant impact in the world’s engineering and architectural practices.
Several scientific supports and technical applications saved the tower from being demolished. Hence, it is important to know the significance of it to the world. A meteorological laboratory has been situated at the summit of the tower since its construction. The tower has been spectacular meteorological observatory for the reason that it could possibly make surveillance, free of the influence of the ground. Gustave Eiffel was also passionate about Aviation, so then he assembled a real aerodynamic laboratory on the second floor of the tower. The atmospheric absorption of radiation was also accomplished at the top of the tower, making it a breeding ground for research and innovation (Nugues, n.d., para. 2,8 ; 19; ‘ All about Eiffel Tower’ 2018, para.1). The 120 antennas that has perched atop it, makes it possible for the Eiffel Tower to still broadcast radio and digital terrestrial television today. The other technical applications of the tower are Optical Telegraphy, Telephotography, Air navigation, Military, Civil, and Hourly Broadcasting. The tower itself serves a gigantic lighting rod that protects an immeasurable area against lightning (‘All about Eiffel Tower’ 2018, para.1). All of these facts, proves the global significance of the Eiffel Tower in Science and Technology.

From being a temporary exhibit, to becoming a Parisian landmark, a communication mast, and hotbed for research and experiments, the Eiffel Tower has had indeed a significant impact across the globe. Having other countries build their own derivatives and similar structures of the tower, only shows the influence of the lattice tower in engineering practices. Today, its silhouette is widely recognized, and served as a symbol of grandeur that fascinates aesthetes and dreamers. Welcoming millions of visitors every year, made it as the most visited paid monument in the world. The Eiffel Tower’s remarkable success in these areas will continue for many generations to come.

References:
All about Eiffel Tower- Technical Applications 2018, viewed 2 August 2018, http://www.pariscityvision.com/en/paris/landmarks/eiffel-tower/all-about-eiffel-tower
Eiffel Tower History: facts and important dates 2018, viewed 2 August 2018. https://www.pariscityvision.com/en/paris/landmarks/eiffel-tower/history
Eiffel Tower 2011, viewed 31 July 2018, https://www.history.com/topics/eiffel-tower
Eiffel Tower, Encylopaedia Britannica Online 2018, viewed 4 August 2018, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Eiffel-Tower-Paris-France
Glancey, J 2017, What’s so great about the Eiffel Tower?, Laurence King, City Road, London
Nugues, O n.d., History of the Eiffel Tower, viewed 31 July 2018, https://www.wonders-of-the-world.net/History-of-the-Eiffel-tower.phpNugues, O n.d., Scientific Applications of the Eiffel Tower, viewed 31 July 2018, https://www.wonders-of-the-world.net/Scientific-applications-of-the-Eiffel-tower.phpParis: Around the Eiffel Tower, Encylopaedia Brittanica Online 2018, viewed 4 August 2018, https://www.britannica.com/place/Paris/Ile-Saint-Louis#ref364791
Smith, O 2018, The Telegraph: 40 fascinating facts about the Eiffel tower, viewed 31 July 2018, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/destination/europe/france/paris/articles/Eiffel-Tower-facts