? Environmental degradation and persistent poverty
The labor force is characterized by low ranges of educational attainment or high unemployment, while the country is heavily based on foreign grants and technical assistance.
Agriculture, Fishing, hunting, and forestry account 40% of gross domestic product, employ 80% of the labor force, and provide most of the country’s exports. An over-reliance on subsistence livelihoods has built a vicious cycle on poverty and resource over-exploitation. Due to poverty, coastal communities on Moheli Island have been disadvantaged by the exploitation of park resources. About 80% of the island’s population uses dynamite as a means of fishing to maximize short-term fish catches. It is therefore a way for them to contribute to monetary poverty.
Environmental degradation threatens Mohéli’s considerable biological diversity; the island is a tropical paradise, home to more than 500 species of plants, 21 species of birds, and 9 species of reptiles. Among endemic species for conservation includes the endemic Livingstone’s Fruit Bat (Pteropus livingstonii), a giant bat with a part goblin regarding more than one meter, that numbered solely 1,200 folks into 2003.
As well as pressures on species extinction, the island’s ecosystems bear also sustained damage from unsustainable land-use practices. Deforestation is increasingly damaging agriculture created land shortages, and a cattle grazing has resulted in severe soil erosion or runoff that has damaged the island’s coral reefs. Overfishing has depleted stocks; while the search because of building materials has destroyed mangrove forests then beaches so much are essential breeding grounds for turtles. Coral reefs have also suffered bleaching as a result of the global warming. (Equator initiative UNDP, 2017)

IV.3 Positive Effect of Development of Ecotourism

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In United Arab Emirates
The fundamental thinking behind ecotourism is purely to educate tourists about conservation efforts and research developments in fragile natural areas, while additionally offering travelers a chance to experience those areas firsthand. Ideally, the efforts work because either the vacationers or the environments he visits. Eco-tourists acquire knowledge of ecosystems, biology, and geology of unique natural locations, which in turn informs their conservation efforts. Some of the money that goes into ecotourism also goes to conservation efforts, certain as much repopulating endangered species and reforestation.
? communities
By growing local capacity building and employment opportunities, ecotourism is an advantageous vehicle for empowering local communities around the world to fight against poverty and to acquire sustainable development.

? Conservation
Offering market-linked long-term solutions, ecotourism affords advantageous economic incentives for conserving and enhancing bio-cultural diversity and helps protect the natural and cultural heritage of the earth.
? Interpretation
With an emphasis on enriching personal experiences and environmental awareness through interpretation, ecotourism promotes greater understanding and appreciation for nature, local society, and culture.
As a developed country ,UAE the effect is mainly positive and admirable despite the country faced climate change, soil erosion etc… the country has concentrated on transforming itself into a major leisure ,entertainment and business destination, the creation of modern transport and attractions such as airlines, constructions of transport air and ground infrastructure auditioned with shopping malls and major attractions have all contributed towards to UAE becoming the region’s leading leisure tourism destination.
In UAE, they started to control tourism because the contract will cause harm to the natural areas, by putting excess pressure on the ecosystem. As an advanced country in the management of ecotourism, those efforts created beneficial effects on the environment by its conservation. With the contribution of scientists and experts, they raise awareness of environmental values through education programmes and experiences. It serves as a source of revenue for the country as it is creating a diversified economy. The development of the ecotourism in UAE allowed a variety of job opportunities for locals and also help preserve the region’ heritage and offer greater interaction between nature and humans
Al Maha Desert Resort and Spa, right now not far-removed, units first class luxurious places of work with out of date Bedouin camps and fills in as the point of convergence for tourists to explore the Dubai Desert Conservation Reserve. In affirmation of its key part in supporting save the locale’s untamed life, National Geographic conceded Al Maha its World Legacy Award for its undertakings.